A kidney stone is a solid concretion of minerals that forms in a kidney when urine has high levels of calcium, oxalate or phosphorus. The urine becomes too concentrated and these substances crystalize to form stones. Kidney stones vary in size and may stay in the kidney or travel down the urinary tract. Symptoms from urinary stones arise when they begin to move down the ureter, sometimes causing intense pain.
Urinary stone disease is one of the most common urological conditions throughout the world, effecting 1 in 10 men and 1 in 14 women.
Identifying the type of kidney stone can help determine the cause and thus treatment. Advanced Urology Institute at Titus will send collected stones for analysis to determine the composition of your specific stone as well as utilizing a 24-hour urine collection to check kidney function and what’s in your urine. Based on these results, certain diet modifications and increased fluid intake can help reduce risk of future occurrences.
According to the American Urological Association, the current gold standard for confirming kidney stones is a non-contrast CT of the abdomen and pelvis. Once a stone is detected, size and location are established, Advanced Urology Institute at Titus will work with you on the best management and treatment options.